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Macintosh

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Macintosh, or for newer models, Mac, is a brand name which covers several lines of personal computers designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. The Macintosh 128K was released on January 24, 1984; it was the first commercially successful personal computer to feature a mouse and a graphical user interface (GUI) rather than a command line interface.

The idea for a personal computer appropriate for the ordinary consumer dates to the late 1970s and an Apple development team was established in 1979. After the success of the original Macintosh in 1984, the company quickly established market share only to see it dissipate in the 1990s as Microsoft came to monopolize personal computing. Apple consolidated multiple, consumer-level desktop models into the 1998 iMac G3 all-in-one, which sold extremely well and saw the brand name revitalized. Current Mac systems are mainly targeted at the home, education, and creative professional markets. They are: the aforementioned (though upgraded) iMac and the entry-level Mac mini desktop models, the workstation-level Mac Pro tower, the MacBook, MacBook Air and MacBook Pro laptops, and the Xserve server.

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Legacy "trunk"
Preceded by
Evans & Sutherland Projects and Stanford AI Labs projects
Macintosh Followed by
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Xerox Alto branch
Preceded by
Xerox Alto
Macintosh Followed by
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Mac OS X branch
Preceded by
Apple Lisa
Macintosh Followed by
Mac OS
X Window System branch
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Macintosh Influenced
X Window System
KDE 4.0 branch
Influenced by
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Macintosh Influenced
KDE 1.x
OS/2 Warp 4.0 Branch
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Macintosh Influenced
IBM OS/2 1.x
Photoshop branch
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Macintosh Influenced
Photoshop
AmigaOS 4.0 Branch
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Macintosh Influenced
Kickstart/Workbench 1.x
WordPerfect X4 Branch
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Macintosh Influenced
WordPerfect 5.x
Word 2008 Branch
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Macintosh Influenced
Word 5.x
PageMaker 7 Branch
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Macintosh Influenced
PageMaker 1.0

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